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 Ontario 
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z historie:

Toronto v roce 1954 zasáhl hurikán Hazel (kategorie 4), způsobil devastační škody (více než 4.000 domů), zabil 81 lidí, celkové škody kolem 130 mil. dolarů, na dnešní hodnotu 1,3 mld. dolarů. Vítr o síle 200-250 km/h, srážky za 24h 200, za 48h až 285mm. Předtím v USA zabil 90 lidí. Oko hurikánu o půlnoci dorazilo i na Downtown. Kanalizace a suché nádrže před hurikánem jsou z 90% plné pro vydatné srážky a tak i tento systém ochrany skolaboval. Žádné krizové řízení, žádné složky vytvořené, takže nakonec zasahovala až armáda. Mnoho hlavních silnic zaplaveno včetně dálnice č. 400, která se teprve budovala byla relativně nová, odneslo z ní most. Celkem strhlo více než 50 mostů, mnoho tratí bylo podplavených.

Zde je historie z dálnice 400 , kde naleznete dobové fotografie i z těchto povodní: http://www.thekingshighway.ca/PHOTOS/Hwy400photos.htm .

Právě proto byla zřízená instituce, která ma za cíl zesouladit zastavanost území, jejich osídlení s přírodním rázem krajiny: https://trca.ca/ a na dlouhé období se tak povedlo snížit riziko povodní. Společně s lepší meteorologii se daří tento cíl naplňovat i po roce 2000. Blesková povodeň se škodama ve výšce 850 mil. dolarů pak byla relativně nedávno, v roce 2013.

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9.2.2018 19:17:20
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Ontario Widening Highway 401 in Mississauga and Milton :arrow:

    Ontario is widening 18km of Highway 401 in Mississauga and Milton, to improve traffic flow and keep people and goods moving.

    Kathryn McGarry, Minister of Transportation and Indira Naidoo-Harris, MPP for Halton, were in Mississauga to announce that the province has issued a request for proposals to design and build the highway.

    The project will widen 18 kilometres of highway, from the Credit River in Mississauga to Regional Road 25 in Milton. Widening the highway will relieve congestion, allow for more efficient transportation and flow of goods, and help accommodate continued population and employment growth in the region.

Více informací: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2018/03/ ... ilton.html .

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11.3.2018 18:38:43
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viewtopic.php?p=160386#p160386

Federální a provinční vlády dávají příslib městu Toronto ohledně financování několika tratí lehkého metra v celkové výši investicí 9 mld. dolarů na dalších 10 let pro konkrétní projekty :arrow:

http://urbantoronto.ca/news/2018/03/fed ... t-projects

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1.4.2018 20:29:14
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začátkem 06/2018 se konal pochod/bike akce i po Gardiner Expressway (Toronto, GTA), o nic nešlo v tom smyslu, že by se dálnice zrušila, spíš jen pro zajímavost jiný pohled než bývá zvykem:
Příloha:
DevrlctXcAE71uQ.jpg
DevrlctXcAE71uQ.jpg [ 110.92 KiB | Zobrazeno 1071 krát ]

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16.6.2018 19:50:24
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Southern and Northern Highways Programs :arrow:

http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/highwa ... rams.shtml

GREATER GOLDEN HORSESHOE TRANSPORTATION PLAN :arrow:

https://www.gghtransport2051.ca/

z historie: Urban Infrastructure and Urban Growth in the Toronto Region, 1950s to the 1990s :arrow:

    The modern history of infrastructure in the Toronto region begins with the creation of Metropolitan Toronto in 1953. The new metropolitan corporation (‘Metro’), faced with a growing population and expanding settlement area, but an inadequate system of roads and water/sewer services, undertook a huge program of public infrastructure expansion from about 1955 to 1970.

    Working from plans developed by the venerable Toronto engineering firm Gore & Storrie, Metro built a new network of trunk sewer and water pipes throughout the metropolitan area, as well as several new treatment plants. The metropolitan corporation also widened and extended a number of arterial roads, in both the old and new urban areas, and began a program of expressway construction by building the F.G. Gardiner Expressway (1956-64) and the Don Valley Parkway (beginning 1964).

    This massive public infrastructure expansion cost Metro nearly half a billion dollars from 1955 to 1970, most of which was raised by selling bonds in New York money markets. Upper level government subsidies were few, and small, until the very end of this period of growth. The province of Ontario did partially subsidize road construction, and played an important role on its own by building the Highway 401 by-pass expressway across what were then the northern reaches of Metropolitan Toronto in the 1950s, but until 1970 made little contribution to piped services.

    The decision to construct this infrastructure – which effectively opened up the entire land area of Metropolitan Toronto to development – appears to have prompted very little opposition at first. By the mid-1960s, however, the expressway network was being opposed by many in the city of Toronto, and by the end of the decade expressways within Metropolitan Toronto had been effectively halted by public opposition. Piped services met with little opposition, and were fully implemented as planned.

    The fringe areas beyond Metropolitan Toronto were adequately served by county roads and local water and sewer systems in the 1950s, so had no need for large-scale services. By the 1960s, however, both Peel County to the west of Toronto and York County to the north were feeling strong development pressures, and municipalities there began to call for piped service expansions that would relieve constraints on development. Lacking the capacity to pay for such services, either by taxing or borrowing, they could not take on the responsibility as Metro had in the 1950s. Instead they were aided by the provincial government’s Ontario Water Resources Commission, which built a large network of piped water and sewer services in southern Peel County beginning in the late 1960s (the South Peel Scheme) and an extended trunk sewer system from Lake Ontario north and west into York County (the York-Durham Sewer System) through the mid to late 1970s. York County (York Region as of 1974) obtained its water from Metropolitan Toronto (the southern townships) and from wells (in the north).

    By the mid-1970s, the age of public infrastructure construction was over. No major projects have been undertaken from that day to this. Some northward expansions of lake-based piped services were carried out, and some new expressways were built outside Metropolitan Toronto (all of which had been planned since the 1950s), but nothing approaching the great public undertakings of the 1950s was even attempted. The reasons for this are many – new demands on public revenues, environmentalism, localism, professionals’ loss of authority, a backlash against ‘tax-and-spend’ governments, among others – and the consequences are not yet clear. But the Toronto region, for better or worse, is still living on public infrastructure built between 1955 and 1975.

    The historical record does not, strictly speaking, support the notion that piped services have caused or determined urban expansion, or that, in contemporary parlance, ‘development follows the pipe’. In all cases in the Toronto region over the last fifty years, pipes have been built into areas already slated for development. The decision to service, in other words, followed the decision to develop. Nor has restricting the provision of piped services, on its own, always been an effective way of controlling urban expansion. In times and places where piped services were in shortest supply, some development has usually still occurred, and not always as or where the public authorities wanted it to occur.

Obrázek

Silnice a mosty, včetně dálnic v rámci města Toronto :arrow:

https://www.toronto.ca/services-payment ... pressways/

*i jejich stav, opravy atd.
*informačně rozsáhlé

Dále, k přestavbě a úpravám Gardiner Expressway ještě dopisuji odkazy:
Příloha:
Snímka.JPG
Snímka.JPG [ 48.44 KiB | Zobrazeno 150 krát ]

Council endorses $1-billion Gardiner East rebuild, advances new transit plan
https://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/ ... -plan.html

kritika: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ ... -1.4509147

A ještě, Construction Begins On Highway 427 Expansion in Vaughan :arrow:

    Province Keeping People Moving, Creating Jobs and Growing the Economy

    May 1, 2018 9:30 A.M.Ministry of Transportation

    Ontario has begun construction on the expansion of Highway 427 through York Region, to help improve traffic flow, create jobs and support economic growth.

    Kathryn McGarry, Minister of Transportation, and Steven Del Duca, MPP for Vaughan, were in Vaughan today to break ground on the Highway 427 expansion. The highway will be extended by 6.6 kilometres from Highway 7 to Major Mackenzie Drive, and widened to 8 lanes from Finch Avenue to Highway 7.

    Once completed in 2021, High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes with electronic tolling will also be installed on Highway 427 in both directions from south of Highway 409 to north of Rutherford Road—approximately 15.5 kilometres. No existing general purpose lanes will be removed to accommodate HOT lanes.

    Improving highways to keep traffic moving is part of the government's plan to support care, create opportunity and make life more affordable during this period of rapid economic change. The plan includes free prescription drugs for everyone under 25, and 65 or over, through the biggest expansion of medicare in a generation, free tuition for hundreds of thousands of students, a higher minimum wage and better working conditions, and free preschool child care from 2 ½ to kindergarten.

    Quick Facts

    *Ontario is investing $616 million in the expansion of Highway 427 in Vaughan.
    *HOT lanes encourage people to carpool, help manage congestion and provide more options to travellers.
    *The average daily traffic on Highway 427 between Finch Avenue and Highway 407 ETR is expected to grow from approximately 115,000 vehicles per day to more than 137,000 by 2021.
    *In 2017-18, Ontario is committing more than $2.5 billion to repair and expand provincial highways and bridges across the province.
    *Ontario is making the largest infrastructure investment in hospitals, schools, public transit, roads and bridges in the province’s history.

Mezičasem se v provincii vyměnila vláda. Nejen, že je nová vláda, ale i druhé strany.

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16.9.2018 17:59:19
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Diaľničiar píše:
Na margo informací z 1.4.2014 a 7.5.2014 doplňuji, že projekt již nese nové jméno, nikoliv Detroit River International Crossing ale Gordie Howe International Bridge a sformoval se úřad WDBA: Windsor-Detroit Bridge Authority :arrow:

https://www.wdbridge.com/en/windsor-det ... -authority

*podléhá vládě, ale je řízen nezávisle jako firma
*bude mít dohled nad přípravou a vytvořením koncesní smlouvy s cílem vybrat koncesionáře pro stavbu
*stavba se zrealizuje formou PPP
*po současném mostě Ambassador Bridge prochází tovar (USA - CA a naopak) za více jak 100 mld. CAD ročně
*projekt má být od výběr dodavatele hotov za 18 měsíců a uveden do provozu v roce 2020
*nový most bude mít délku 2,5 km se 6-pruhy
*je to celková investice v nákladech 4,8 mld. CAD
psané začátkem 2017 a nyní aktualizuji: je známý tvar/typ mostu

Obrázek

Více informací: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/w ... -1.4734671

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20.9.2018 19:09:55
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